Key Stage 1 Science
The main focus of science teaching in key stage 1 is to enable pupils to experience and observe phenomena, looking more closely at the natural and humanly-constructed world around them. They should be encouraged to be curious and ask questions about what they notice. They should be helped to develop their understanding of scientific ideas by using different types of scientific enquiry to answer their own questions, including observing changes over a period of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative tests, and finding things out using secondary sources of information. They should begin to use simple scientific language to talk about what they have found out. Most of the learning about science should be done through the use of first-hand practical experiences.
Key Stage 2 Science
The key focus of science teaching in key stage 2 is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them. They can achieve this by talking about, testing and developing ideas about everyday phenomena, exploring and by beginning to develop their ideas about functions, interactions and relationships. Children will be able to ask their own questions about what they observe and make decisions about the type of scientific enquiry that will give them the best answer. This includes observing changes over time, grouping and classifying things, noticing patterns and carrying out comparative and fair tests. They will be able to draw simple conclusions, using scientific language, talking and writing about what they have found out.